We have been asked some common health and safety questions over and over again so we have decided to help out here with some questions and answers.
Q) How many employees does a company need to have before a written health and safety policy is required?
Q) Do self employed people have duties specifically outlined in the (HASAWA) Health and Safety at Work Act?
Q) What general duties are places on an employee of a company?
A) To take reasonable care with regard to health & safety of themselves and any other people who may be affected by their acts/omissions while at work.
To co-operate with employer’s so as to comply with their legal duties.
Not to interfere or misuse anything provided for health & safety purposes.
Q) Do the Health and Safety Executive have sole responsibility for enforcing the (HASAWA) Health and Safety at Work Act?
Q) What features must a company health and safety policy statement have?
A) A policy statement should demonstrate a clear commitment to health and safety, have details of the organisation and arrangements for implementing the policy, have details of how the employees will be consulted and the policy must be revised as often as appropriate.
Q) What are ACoPs and what are they for?
A) Approved Codes of Practice (ACoPs) are not legally binding but may form part of the evidence in any health and safety prosecution.
Q) When may an Improvement notice be issued?
A) This can be issued if any systems of work or any equipment are not up to legal standards and need attention. This will outline what needs to be done to
comply with the law in a fixed time period.
Q) When may a Prohibition notice be issued?
This may be issued if an inspector decides that an activity gives serious risk of personal injury. Work will be stopped.
Q) What are some general duties of the employer as far as reasonably practicable in part 1 of the HASAWA?
A) To provide and maintain safe plant and systems of work that do not cause risk to health, Safe handling, transport and storage of dangerous articles and substances, to provide continued information, instruction and training, safe access and egress and provide a safe environment and adequate welfare facilities are to name a few.
Common health and safety questions
Q) What is the maximum fine a Magistrate’s Court could issue an employee for contravening section 7 or section 8 of the HASAWA?
A) Section 7 = £5000 Section 8 = £20000
Q) To comply with the HASAWA companies have to clarify certain roles and responsibilities. What are some good examples?
A) Managers and/or Directors would notify the HSE, where necessary types of accident have occurred, provide health and safety induction for visitors and review the company’s health and safety policy. Directors, Managers and Site Supervisors should Utilise disciplinary procedures if safety is not adhered to, warn new employees of known hazards and implement day to day health and safety procedures. Everyone from directors to operatives should set a good personal example by wearing appropriate PPE, ensure only properly inspected and maintained plant and equipment is used on site, not misuse anything provided for health safety and welfare and of course anyone who discovers defects in tools or equipment should report it to the Managers/Directors.
Q) What are some of the powers that HSE inspectors have?
A) They have the power to enter premises at a reasonable time, they may take evidence, samples, photos and interview witnesses are to name a few.
Q) Is consultation with employees limited to those who are in recognised trade unions?
Q) If two trade union appointed safety representatives request a safety committee must an employer comply and if so in what time frame?
A) Yes the employer must comply within three months
Q) What are some main points that should be covered with regard to consultation with employees?
A) The safety representative should examine causes of accidents. The appointed safety representative should be the appropriate person to receive information for the employees. Under the consultation with employee’s regulations the employer must consult with employees on health and safety matters in good time. Employees cannot be dismissed for bringing attention to health and safety concerns.
Q) Regarding (RIDDOR) Reporting of Injuries Disease and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations what are some important factors?
A) Death or major injury must be reported to the appropriate authority by the quickest possible means. Dangerous occurrences as stated in RIDDOR need to be reported on the appropriate for within 15 days. If an employee dies within 12 months of the completed RIDDOR the authorities have to be notified. You must complete an entry into the accident book even if RIDDOR has been completed.
Q) What type of diseases can be caused by common types of work?
Mesothelioma can be caused by working with asbestos. Dermatitis can be caused by working with Cement. Hepatitis can be caused if exposed to blood or human waste and Carpel tunnel syndrome can be caused by vibration.
No part of this site is a legal representation of current rules or legislation. Please check governmental legislation sites for up to date information or feel free to contact a team member regarding Common health and safety questions